Region Calabria, Italy
Other Italian Regions
- Area: 15,221 km²
- Population: about 1.9 million inhabitants in 2018
- Communes: 404 communes
- Official website of the Calabria region
History - Antiquity and the Middle Ages
After the Roman Empire was split into Western and Eastern (with capital Byzanthium), Calabria stayed under the Byzanthines until the Lombards occupied it in the 7th century AD. In 885 Byzanthine general Niceforo Foca defeated Lombards and Saracens recovering the region. Later on it was conquered by the Normans (1060), then by the Swabians, the Anjou and the Aragonese.
History - from the 15th Century onwards
As all the Kingdom of Naples, Calabria was then united to the newly established Kingdom of Italy. The decades that followed saw an increase in poverty and emigration, also due to the great disparity between the rich industrial regions of Northern Italy and the agricultural, poorer South.